The Department of Homeland Security`s (DHS) Office of Immigration Statistics published new immigration data that offers a new portrait of arrivals to the United States.
Some of the takeaways are:
Fewer Europeans and Asians, more Latin Americans
2018 saw the lowest number of green cards issued to people from Europe and Asia since at least 2010. By contrast, the number of green cards issued to people from the Americas has climbed significantly. The number of green cards issued to Central Americans has risen by almost 34% since 2010. The number of people from Africa who received green cards in 2018 is also up significantly, by about 15% from 2010 levels.
Longer wait times for Adjustment of Status (AOS) applicants.
That doesn’t mean fewer people are receiving green cards: it just means people are waiting longer to get them. When reviewing the statistics of individuals who entered the country in the previous five years and the current trend, it appears the wait times have reversed: in 2018, almost 414,000 green cards were issued to people who’d entered the country in the previous five years — the highest total since at least 2000.
Immigrants are making an economic contribution
Not counting students and children, more than 70% of new green card holders had jobs, and only 1 in 8 was unemployed, with most of the remainder being retired, or working as homemakers. Those green card holders who go on to gain citizenship are also making valuable contributions: almost 90% of new citizens were of working age. In total, 56.5% of the people naturalized in 2018 were aged between 18 and 44 years old, compared to just 36.5% of the general U.S. population.