Trump Proposes Merit-Based Immigration Plan
Last month, Trump announced an immigration proposal that would dramatically reshape the legal immigration system in the United States. The plan emphasizes a merit-based or “points system”.
The Merit-Based immigration plan would provide more green cards to highly skilled, highly educated and younger immigrants, and reducing immigration based on family relationships. Some points of the proposal include:
Increase the number of legal immigrants based on skill. Through a point-based merit system, the plan proposes to increase the number of legal immigrants selected based on skill or merit from 12 percent to 57 percent. The plan also proposes recruitment requirements, displacement prohibitions, and wage floors.
Testing for English proficiency and US government/history for US permanent residents ("green card holders"). The plan says that green card applicants must also pass a U.S. civics exam and demonstrate English proficiency. Currently, this is a requirement reserved only for individuals applying for US citizenship.
Prioritize young applicants, immediate families of U.S. citizens and new immigrants. The plan gives priority to young applicants on the basis that they are more likely to build long-term ties and contribute to society over their lifetimes. Spouses and children of U.S. citizens and initiating immigrants are given priority to obtain a green card. The plan also prioritizes immediate family members of U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
For more information, see this link.